Hocine Ait Ahmed is the last of the nine historical leaders who unleashed Algeria's war of independence on 1 November 1954, when Algeria was still a French colony. He was also the founder of the first opposition party in Algeria in 1963, just one year after the algerian independence. Ahmed was arrested and sentenced to death in 1964, escaped from El Harrach prison in 1966, and was exiled in Switzerland until 1988.

Hocine Aït Ahmed wished to be buried in his native village, near his mother and refused to be buried in the "Martyrs Square" that is dedicated to the fathers of the Algerian independence in Algier.